Battle of kings mountain

See Article History This contribution has not yet been formally edited by Britannica. Articles such as this one were acquired and published with the primary aim of expanding the information on Britannica.

Battle of kings mountain

His task was to march to the old Tryon County area, raise and organize Loyalist units from the Tory population of the Carolina Backcountryand protect the left flank of Lord Cornwallis' main body at Charlotte, North Carolina.

Their movement had been made possible by easing tensions with the Cherokeethanks to diplomacy by Benjamin Cleveland's brother-in-law, Indian agent Joseph Martin. Waiting three days for reasons that are still unclear, Ferguson ordered a retreat to Lord Cornwallis and the British main forces in Charlotte, sending a message to Cornwallis requesting reinforcements.

The request did not reach Cornwallis until one day after the battle. On October 1, Ferguson reached North Carolina's Broad Riverwhere he issued another pugnacious public letter, calling the local militia to join him lest they be "pissed upon by a set of mongrels" the Overmountain Men.

They hurried to catch him. It is shaped like a footprint with the highest point at the heel, a narrow instep, and a broad rounded toe. Needing to hurry, the Patriot militia put men on horseback and rode for Kings Mountain. By sunrise of the 7th, they forded the Broad River, fifteen miles from Kings Mountain.

Benjamin Cleveland returning to Wilkesboro on Patrick Ferguson's white horse after his horse, Roebuck, and Ferguson were killed. The patriots took home drums, weapons and clothes. The other colonels awarded Cleveland with Ferguson's white horse, which he rode home. The battle opened about 3 p.

Battle of kings mountain

They formed eight detachments of to men each. Ferguson was unaware that the Patriots had caught up to him and his 1, men. He was the only regular British soldier in the command, [32] composed entirely of Loyalist Carolina militia, except for the or so red-uniformed Provincials enlisted colonials [33] from New York.

He had not thought it necessary to fortify his camp. Loyalist officer Alexander Chesney later wrote he didn't know the Patriots were anywhere near them until the shooting started.

Alerts In Effect

The other detachments, led by Colonels Shelby, Williams, Lacey, Cleveland, Hambright, Winston and McDowell, attacked the main Loyalist position, surrounding the "ball" base beside the "heel" crest of the mountain. Each detachment fought independently under the previously agreed to plan to surround and destroy the Loyalists.

Ferguson rallied his troops and launched a desperate bayonet -charge against Campbell and Sevier. Lacking bayonets, the Patriots ran down the hill and into the woods.

Campbell soon rallied his troops, returned to the hill, and resumed firing. Ferguson ordered two more bayonet charges during the battle. This became the pattern of the battle; the Patriots would charge up the hill, then the Tories would charge down the hill with fixed bayonets, driving the Patriots off the slopes and into the woods.

Once the charge was spent and the Tories returned to their positions, the Patriots would reform in the woods, return to the base of the hill, and charge up the hill again. Firing was difficult for the Loyalists, since the Patriots constantly moved using cover and concealment to their advantage.

Furthermore, the downhill angle of the hill contributed to the Loyalists overshooting their marks. Ferguson rode back and forth across the hill, blowing a silver whistle he used to signal charges. Shelby, Sevier and Campbell reached the top of the hill behind the Loyalist position and attacked Ferguson's rear.

The Loyalists were driven back into their camp, where they began to surrender. Ferguson drew his sword and hacked down any small white flags that he saw popping up, but he appeared to know that the end was near.

In an attempt to rally his faltering men, Ferguson shouted out "Hurrah, brave boys, the day is ours!

The Battle of King's Mountain

Ferguson shot and killed the man with his pistol in a final act of defiance, but was immediately shot dead by multiple Patriots on the spot.Battle of Kings Mountain, (October 7, ), in the American Revolution, American victory over a loyalist detachment in South Carolina during the British campaign in the South.

After the British victories at Charleston in May and Camden in August, Major General Charles Cornwallis felt confident to move his army against the Americans in North . The Battle of King's Mountain was a military engagement between Patriot and Loyalist militias in South Carolina during the Southern Campaign of the American Revolutionary War, resulting in a decisive victory for the Patriots.

Shaped like a footprint, Kings Mountain's highest point was at the "heel" in the southwest and it broadened and flattened towards the toes in the northeast. Approaching, Campbell's colonels met to discuss strategy.

Rather than simply defeat Ferguson, they sought to destroy his command.

Battle of Kings Mountain - Wikipedia

The clash at King's Mountain between Patriots and Tories began Britain's long descent to Yorktown. Battle of King’s Mountain During the American Revolution, Patriot irregulars under Colonel William Campbell defeat Tories under Major Patrick Ferguson at the Battle of King’s Mountain in South Carolina.

Technically, the British won that battle but it was a Pyrrhic victory because British losses were high. One man in four was killed, wounded or captured. Conclusion: Historians consider the Battle of Kings Mountain to be the "turning point in the South" in America's War for Independence.

Battle of Kings Mountain | Summary |