Introduction The Al-Qaeda terrorist attacks against the United States of America on September 11th changed worldwide political dynamics and the perception of political challenges and issues in regions, in which mainly Muslims live. The symbolic attack of the extremists against the Western world opened the debate why such hatred developed and - more important - how the repetition of such events could be avoided in the future. While the Bush administration quickly and publicly decided to intervene militarily in Iraq and Afghanistan in order to find the responsible ones behind the attacks, it has been concluded as well to work on the security of US citizens through development assistance in long-term projects.
August The concept of "development" cuts across many levels. It refers to macro issues such as patterns of a nation's growthas much as it refers to meso problems such as river-basin plansor to micro problems such as local community development.
All three levels — macro, meso, and micro, are interwoven. And at all levels, many different dimensions — economic, cultural, religious and gender — affect and are affected by development.
This research addresses the links between the promotion of social change associated with development aid and conflict. Development should be understood as a process, not a product.
Societies are always changing. Some improve, while others fail. Development theory aims at explaining both processes.
Development practice intends to provide tools that can be applied to entire societies or specific communities. Such interventions are intended to move communities or societies from a situation in which they are believed to be worse off to a situation in which they are assumed to be better off.
Current links between development and conflict theory stress the provision of aid in cases of violent conflict. Peacebuilding interventions after violent conflicts address the same concerns as development interventions. Clearly, development is at the core of post-conflict interventions, where the physical and social landscape has been damaged.
In such cases, development assistance is provided. Yet development aid goes beyond development assistance. Aid refers to general support for the improvement of Third World societies, which may or may not be, in violent conflict.
Perhaps because development aid does not deal directly with violence, conflict and conflict resolution have not been topics of major concern to development theorists or workers. This, however, has started to change.
The Millennium Development Goals illustrate how development is an interdisciplinary field, which implements programs in various areas and deals with innumerable variables — such as economic, social, political, gender, cultural, religious and environmental issues.
The field is further complicated because these variables are highly intertwined. Therefore, the analysis of gender issues must also consider the affects of and on linked economic, religious, and cultural issues.
Similar links exist with many other development topics.
Such links become clear in the findings of this research. Development and Structural Change Societal change most often requires structural change. While this may be true in any country, it is probably more often true in the developing world. Yet most development intervention is locally targeted and short-term.
It does not try to implement structural change across the entire society. This disconnect creates something of a "Catch" — a vicious cycle in which development leads to conflict, and the lack of conflict resolution practices interferes with further development.
Ignoring structural factors means not only overlooking dimensions that take place at the macro level, but also not paying enough attention to the micro-level effects of development and conflict in society. That means they have great difficulty in understanding very basic information.
How can one promote rational processes of conflict resolution in this situation? Such functional illiteracy is caused, in part, by the fragility of the educational system. Deteriorated schools mirror the economic crisis of developing countries as well as the lack of importance attributed to education by the society.
This is largely a result of long-standing social inequities maintained by an elite that benefits from the resulting patron-client relationship. These relationships are so strong that the structural problems continue, even after some conflict resolution measures are taken, such as the empowerment of powerless groups.
Development and Conflict The interconnection of development factors often causes further conflict escalation. For example, administrative chaos in under-financed governmental bodies often causes the transference of responsibilities from the central state to NGO s, local governments, and the private sector.
The result is that such organizations assume duties that may go well beyond their capacities, which causes further conflict. For example, NGOs, local governments, and the private sector lack training in facilitationmediationand negotiationas well as the theoretical knowledge of conflict resolution.
So conflicts escalate, with no one knowing what to do about it.
There are few institutions in most developing societies that understand or engage in the practice of conflict resolution. But even when they do, they tend to work with inadequate win-win frameworks. In some cases, for example, negotiation through typical win-win processes is blocked because the powerful within poor communities are criminals.
In Brazil, criminal elements are able to exert full control over large territories, mostly within metropolitan areas, from where they traffic in narcotics and weapons.The provision of foreign aid is the carrot that influences the recipient’s policy choices or other behaviors.
it still received over $1 billion in alone. Each of these countries tries to use its aid to influence the policies of the recipient country. The politics of foreign aid.
1 THE INFLUENCE OF EDUCATION ON CONFLICT AND PEACE BUILDING. A. LAN. S. MITH, U. NIVERSITY OF. U. LSTER. INTRODUCTION. The purpose of this is to identify aspects of education that paper may have a positive influence onthe dynamics of conflict make a contribution tor o peacebuilding. Argumentative Essay About Same Sex Marriage This Argumentative essay will discuss the argument of same sex marriage. The contents are: meaning, brief background and thesis statement for the Introduction; for the Body of the discussion is the counter argument; and for the conclusion part: the summary and the restatement of the thesis statement. Humanitarian assistance is intended to ameliorate the human costs of war by providing relief to vulnerable populations. Yet the introduction of aid resources into conflict zones may influence subsequent violence patterns and expose intended recipients to new risks.
The concepts that will be looked at within this essay are: power, authority and also accountability. Power in politics is a person who has the ability to influence a person in terms of their behaviour; however they possess no right to - unlike authority.
The question of how conflict influences the provision of aid subtly posits a normative assumption; the reader is immediately positioned on the. In addition, the results show that the effects of political institutional variables are different for autocracies and democracies.
In democratic regimes, the longer political power is held by a. Argumentative Essay About Same Sex Marriage This Argumentative essay will discuss the argument of same sex marriage. The contents are: meaning, brief background and thesis statement for the Introduction; for the Body of the discussion is the counter argument; and for the conclusion part: the summary and the restatement of the thesis statement.
That makes the objectives of foreign aid and the conditions under which it is provided and implemented in post-conflict countries of critical importance because of their effect on the distribution of gains from any improvements in economic performance that external assistance makes possible.