Tuesday, June 15, Effectiveness of the Articles of Confederation Essay The states initially enacted the Articles of Confederation in order to prevent the government from becoming too centralized in their power. Although Congress possessed ample control over the guidance of the country, Congress possessed no power to collect taxes or enforce its laws.
Men so selected were designated as minutemen. They were usually drawn from settlers of each town, and so it was very common for them to be fighting alongside relatives and friends.
Some towns in Massachusetts had a long history of designating a portion of their militia as minutemen, with "minute companies" constituting special units within the militia system whose members underwent additional training and held themselves ready to turn out rapidly for emergencies, "at a minute's notice" and hence their name.
Other towns, such as Lexingtonpreferred to keep their entire militia in a single unit. Members of the minutemen, by contrast, were no more than 30 years old, and were chosen for their enthusiasm, political reliability, and strength. They were the first armed militia to arrive at or await a battle.
Officers were elected by popular vote, as in the rest of the militia, and each unit drafted a formal written covenant to be signed upon enlistment. The militia typically assembled as an entire unit in each town two to four times a year for training during peacetime but, as the inevitability of war became apparent, the militia trained three to four times a week.
In this organization, it was common for officers to make decisions through consultation and consensus with their men, as opposed to giving orders to be followed without question. The Massachusetts Provincial Congress found that the colony's militia resources were short just before the American Revolutionary Waron October 26,after observing the British military buildup.
They found that, "including the sick and absent, it amounted to about 17, men, far short of the number wanted, that the council recommended an immediate application to the New England governments to make up the deficiency,", resolving to organize the militia better: These minute-men were to comprise one-quarter of the whole militia, to be enlisted under the direction of the field-officers, and divide into companies, consisting of at least 50 men each.
The privates were to choose their captains and subalterns, and these officers were to form the companies into battalions, and chose the field-officers to command the same.
Hence the minute-men became a body distinct from the rest of the militia, and, by being more devoted to military exercises, they acquired skill in the use of arms. More attention than formerly was likewise bestowed on the training and drilling of militia. Militia companies were called out to resist British troops, who were sent to capture ammunition stores.
By the time the militia was ready, the British regulars had already captured the arms at Cambridge and Charlestown and had returned to Boston.
Pequot War[ edit ] In Augustthe first offensive military attack by militias failed when Massachusetts dispatched John Endecott with four companies on an unsuccessful campaign against the Pequot Indians.
According to one man's account, the expedition succeeded only in killing one Indian and burning some wigwams. Weeks elapsed between the incidents that caused the march and the arrival of Endecott's men in the area.
Once they got there, they did not know which Indians to fight or why. This feeble response served to encourage the Indians, and attacks increased on the settlers in the Connecticut Valley. In the following year, Massachusetts again put a force on the field in collaboration with Plymouth and Connecticut.
By the time that Plymouth had gotten their force packed and ready to march, the campaign had ended.'Tippecanoe and Tyler Too' was a campaign slogan for William Henry Harrison and John Tyler in the presidential election of It helped to catapult the Whig Party to the presidency for the.
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Date. Global Population Statistics. The Spanish “Reconquest” of the Iberian peninsula ends in January with the conquest of Granada, the last city held by the Moors.
The 12th amendment superseded this clause, after the election of in which Thomas Jefferson and his running mate, Aaron Burr, received identical votes and both claimed the . BibMe Free Bibliography & Citation Maker - MLA, APA, Chicago, Harvard. The Nation Under the Articles of Confederation Essay - The Nation Under the Articles of Confederation The Articles of Confederation from the period till would be a period least effective of a government according to the fully oppositional Constitution that came right after the articles.