How did Australia's involvement in World War 2 change over the course of the war?
Chapter summary The Chinese immigrants of the gold rush era faced a lot of discrimination from white Australians Australians kidnapped people from the Pacific Islands in the s to work in Queensland, then made laws to deport them all from Australia in the s Other laws sought to keep Australia a mainly white society under the White Australia policy After waves of migration during the s, people began to speak of Australia as a multicultural society There are still tensions with some other countries and among Australians themselves over racial issues Introduction In the short time since European settlement in Australia, one of the biggest changes to the nation has been the change in population from one that was made up of people of Aboriginal and British descent to one that is made up of people from all over the world.
This chapter looks at the waves of migration that have added new cultures to Australian society, starting from the Chinese influx during the gold rush in the s.
The gold rush migration The first major wave of migration to Australia after white settlement was from China in the 19th century.
The term "multicultural Australia" has developed only in the last 20 years or so, even though governments in the s and s pursued many policies which in today's terminology unquestionably would be considered to be multicultural policies. Multiculturalism, argue Opposition spokesman for communications and broadband Malcolm Turnbull and former prime minister Kevin Rudd, is one of Australia’s great successes. The changing face of Australia, History, Identity and values, HSIE, Year 6, NSW Chapter summary The Chinese immigrants of the gold rush era faced a lot of discrimination from white Australians Australians kidnapped people from the Pacific Islands in the s to work in Queensland, then made laws to .
Many Chinese people came to Australia during the gold rush in the s. White Australians were hostile towards them. Sometimes there were riots on the goldfields. Some Chinese people were murdered by white people. These were early examples of what later became known as the White Australia policy, meaning the desire of Australian governments for most Australians to be white people.
White Australians said they did not like the Chinese migrants because they took their jobs. Chinese people were willing to work for less money and in poorer conditions, so white workers thought employers would hire them instead of white people.
White people were also scared because they thought so many Chinese people would come here that Australian society would not be mainly white anymore.
They felt isolated being in a land so far away from other white nations and having such a small population compared with those of their Asian neighbours. See image 1 Blackbirding Around the same time that white Australians were worrying about Chinese people taking their jobs, they were bringing in people from other places specifically to work.
These people were from nearby islands in the Pacific and were called 'kanakas' at the time. They were brought into Queensland to work in the sugar cane industry. Unlike other immigrants who chose to come here of their own free will, these people had no choice. They were tricked into coming.
Some were even kidnapped. A newspaper story from describes how Australians shot and wounded kanakas and sank their canoes, then took them on board their ships back to Australia. This was called 'blackbirding'.
The White Australia policy White Australia's fear of non-white people was made into a law as soon as Australia became a nation. The first major law ever made by the federal government was the Immigration Restriction Act Under this law, any non-white person who wanted to move to Australia had to sit a test.
An immigration officer would speak to them and the hopeful migrant would have to write down what they were saying. The officer would speak to them in a European language. As most non-white people were not Europeans, most of them failed the test.
These racist attitudes remained in Australia for a long time. They came from a belief among white people that non-white races were inferior to them.
The situation began to change after Prime Minister Robert Menzies retired in The Whitlam Government, which was elected inofficially ended the White Australia policy and began to speak of Australia as a multicultural society. Multicultural Australia The word 'multicultural' does not just mean that many different cultures live in a country.
It also means that they can each continue their own traditions as long as they live peacefully together. By the time the word 'multicultural' was applied to Australia, many people from lots of countries had been living here for a couple of decades. Some were refugees who had fled their home countries for safety.
As with the Chinese migrants before them, mainstream Australians were suspicious of these new people, their different languages and unfamiliar customs. Migrants were encouraged to come to Australia by the government, which realised there was a serious shortage of labour and skills which were needed to stimulate economic growth.
They also wanted to increase the population because they felt vulnerable after the War. They brought new names, churches, foods and lifestyles.
Even though they tended to gather in the same areas as each other in major cities, their presence was felt throughout society.
The social life of many Australians would not be the same today without the markets, cafes and foods brought here by migrants. A new wave of migration happened in the s and s after wars in Asia.For this reason, a caricatured Australian identity is often positioned as the enemy that must be fought against.
Different groups have reacted in support or against the caricature in different ways. The contrasting fortunes of the two women illustrate the way that race has come to dominate Australia’s national identity within.
The sector has helped Australians become richer, own more cars and live in larger homes during a period of global financial crises. The data also highlights Asia's growing influence.
More migrants are coming from India and China, which is Australia's biggest trading partner. The census reflects the shift in those economic and social ties.
Australia's Sporting Identity - Free download as PDF File .pdf), Text File .txt) or read online for free. media has changed the nature of modern sport, influencing what we see and how we see sport. Sport has become big business. Australia’s national sporting identity has been achieved through successes4/4(5).
Multiculturalism, argue Opposition spokesman for communications and broadband Malcolm Turnbull and former prime minister Kevin Rudd, is one of Australia’s great successes.
In the short time since European settlement in Australia, one of the biggest changes to the nation has been the change in population from one that was made up of people of Aboriginal and British descent to one that is made up of people from all over the world.
Australia's identity has changed considerably over time. The country started as a place for Britain to send it's prison population. Today, it is a thriving country with lots of tourists and.