How to Write a Summary of an Article?
Its official responsibility was to assist former slaves, provide relief to war refugees, and dispose of confiscated Confederate property. Education, however, became an important and perhaps the most successful part of its agenda, as it built thousands of schools including several important historically Black colleges.
After The Civil War The destruction of crops, farmlands, and infrastructure throughout the South displaced thousands of workers of all races. The war had removed primary wage earners from many homes, increasing the ranks of the poor.
Literally thousands of people both Black and White found themselves landless, jobless, and homeless. Whites and Blacks experienced nearly a complete breakdown of everyday life.
In the face of mounting need, it became increasingly clear that local resources would not be sufficient to meet the needs of the South.
The sources of relief for African Americans were almost nonexistent. Most private aid societies in the South either had little interest in providing assistance to Black persons or simply were unable to do so because resources were so scarce.
As the size and intensity of the relief crisis grew, new private aid societies in the North demanded that the federal government create a formal support system for the former slaves.
These groups, however, soon concluded that their meager resources were no match for the enormity of the problem. Rather, a government office seemed necessary to ensure that freedom actually changed the lives of African Americans.
The Bureau was established as a temporary federal division of the War Department and slated to operate for only one year after the Civil War. Once President Andrew Johnson, a White supremacist, restored lands to former land owners, rents declined significantly. Despite these limitations, the Bureau undertook the monumental task of providing welfare services to freed persons and White refugees.
It provided food, clothing, and fuel to the destitute, aged, ill, and insane among both White refugees and freedmen; established schools for freedmen; supplied medical services; implemented a workable system of free labor in the South through the supervision of contracts between the freedmen and their employers; managed confiscated or abandoned lands, leasing and selling some of them to freedmen; and attempted to secure for Blacks equal justice before the law.
The Bureau also helped locate jobs, supervised labor contracts to ensure fairness, established hospitals, and worked to protect the civil liberties of Blacks in hostile towns. Each local Bureau agent was expected not only to accomplish these tasks in the post—Civil War environment but also to win the confidence of Blacks and Whites alike in an atmosphere poisoned by centuries of mutual distrust and conflicting interests.
How successful the Bureau was in accomplishing its tasks—land, labor policy, education, and relief— hinged on the ability of individual agents to make their case before Blacks and Whites and to inculcate respect for law. The Bureau lacked the institutional and financial resources to fully effect relief, recovery, and reform, and local differences in culture and conditions meant constantly having to adapt broad Bureau philosophy and interests to very particular conditions.
As a result, outcomes across the South were far from uniform.
What was uniform was that the Bureau agents were overworked in the field, for there were never enough agents; caseloads were staggering; agents lived and operated alone; and diminishing military support bolstered White opposition.
Educational Role Given general supervision over the education of freed slaves after its creation in by the reconstructionist Congress, the Bureau was not given authority to fund and run schools, but it assumed the leadership for this responsibility.
The funds needed for its programs were obtained by selling confiscated Confederate lands. The Bureau initiated 4, schools, hired 9, teachers, and provided instruction for almost one quarter of a million children.
The Bureau advocated normal schools to train Black teachers to educate former slaves in elementary schools as early as The philosophy of the Bureau stressed the values of obedience to the law, respect for property rights, racial harmony, patience, and moderation.
The Bureau also protected Black schools and their personnel from White violence and intimidation.Jun 01, · Watch video · The Freedmen’s Bureau, formally known as the Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen and Abandoned Lands, was established in by Congress to help millions of former black slaves and poor whites in the.
investigate federal policies regarding abandoned lands, the conflict between the executive and legislative branches, varying activities of the Freedmen’s Bureau, and conclude with an evaluation of the goals and accomplishments of the agency.
Open Document. Below is an essay on "The Emancipation of slaves leading to the Freedmans Bureau" from Anti Essays, your source for research papers, essays, and term paper examples.
This sample Freedmen’s Bureau Essay is published for informational purposes only. Free essays and research papers, are not written by our writers, they are contributed by users, so we are not responsible for the content of this free sample paper. Freedmen's Bureau Travis Louis U.S History 4th period Nov.
11 Pros and Cons of Bureau Pros Fed millions of people Built hospitals and provided medical aid. The Freedman’s Bureau: The Rescue For The People For the freed slaves during Reconstruction after the Civil War that lasted from until , the Freedman’s Bureau provided many resources to promote the welfare of the freed slaves.