The history of the african and native american slavery

Whereas Europeans eventually came to look upon slaves of African descent as being racially inferior, Native Americans took slaves from other Native American groups, and therefore did not have the same racial ideology for their slavery. Native slaves could be looked down upon as ethnically inferior, however. Captives could be enslaved for life, killed, or adopted. In some cases, captives were only adopted after a period of slavery.

The history of the african and native american slavery

Native American Slavery - Atlantic History - Oxford Bibliographies

Whereas Europeans eventually came to look upon slaves of African descent as being racially inferior, Native Americans took slaves from other Native American groups, and therefore did not have the same racial ideology for their slavery.

Native slaves could be looked down upon as ethnically inferior, however. Captives could be enslaved for life, killed, or adopted. In some cases, captives were only adopted after a period of slavery. For example, the Iroquoian peoples not just the Iroquois tribes often adopted captives, but for religious reasons there was a process, procedures, and many seasons when such adoptions were delayed until the proper spiritual times.

In many cases, new tribes adopted captives to replace warriors killed during a raid. Some Native Americans would cut off one foot of captives to keep them from running away.

Others allowed enslaved male captives to marry the widows of slain husbands. The children did not have slave status. More typically, tribes took women and children captives for adoption, as they tended to adapt more easily into new ways.

The history of the african and native american slavery

Several tribes held captives as hostages for payment. Slaves would often be killed in potlatchesto signify the owners' contempt for property. European enslavement of Native Americans[ edit ] When Europeans arrived as colonists in North America, Native Americans changed their practice of slavery dramatically.

Native Americans began selling war captives to Europeans rather than integrating them into their own societies as they had done before. As the demand for labor in the West Indies grew with the cultivation of sugar caneEuropeans enslaved Native Americans for the Thirteen Coloniesand some were exported to the "sugar islands".

The British settlers, especially those in the southern colonies, purchased or captured Native Americans to use as forced labor in cultivating tobacco, rice, and indigo. Accurate records of the numbers enslaved do not exist.

Scholars estimate tens of thousands of Native Americans may have been enslaved by the Europeans, being sold by Native Americans themselves. Slaves became a caste of people who were foreign to the English Native Americans, Africans and their descendants and non-Christians.

The Virginia General Assembly defined some terms of slavery in All servants imported and brought into the Country All Negro, mulatto and Indian slaves within this dominion If any slave resists his master It gave rise to a series of devastating wars among the tribes, including the Yamasee War.

Christina Snyder

The Indian Wars of the early 18th century, combined with the increasing importation of African slaves, effectively ended the Native American slave trade by Colonists found that Native American slaves could easily escape, as they knew the country.

The wars cost the lives of numerous colonial slave traders and disrupted their early societies. The remaining Native American groups banded together to face the Europeans from a position of strength.

Many surviving Native American peoples of the southeast strengthened their loose coalitions of language groups and joined confederacies such as the Choctawthe Creekand the Catawba for protection. Native American women were at risk for rape whether they were enslaved or not; during the early colonial years, settlers were disproportionately male.

They turned to Native women for sexual relationships. The exact number of Native Americans who were enslaved is unknown because vital statistics and census reports were at best infrequent.

In the Spanish colonies, the church assigned Spanish surnames to Native Americans and recorded them as servants rather than slaves. Native American slaves suffered from European diseases and inhumane treatment, and many died while in captivity.Slavery among Native Americans in the United States includes slavery by Native Americans as well as slavery of Native Americans roughly within the present-day United States.

Tribal territories and the slave trade ranged over present-day borders. Jan 18,  · Slate Academy: The History of American Slavery have a margin of autonomy in Native American contexts.

Slavery in the United States - Wikipedia

to talk about in moral terms—perhaps more so than the history of African slavery. African And Native American Slavery Essay Words | 3 Pages African and Native American Slavery The 's, a time of discovery, was when the Europeans came to dominate most of the New World.

The history of American slavery began long before the first Africans arrived at Jamestown in Evidence from archaeology and oral tradition indicates that for hundreds, perhaps thousands, of years prior, Native Americans had developed their own forms of bondage.

As the Indian slave trade gave way to the African slave trade by the late ’s (by then over years old) Native American women began to intermarry with imported Africans, producing mixed-race offspring whose native identities became obscured through time. Native American Slavery in the 13 Colonies Accounts exist that in the 13 Colonies of the 's, there were , Native Americans sold into slavery.

The people sold on the slave markets in the South during the 's were indigenous Black people (status altered to conceal the true identity of Native Americans) who lived right here in this.

Indian Slavery - Oxford Research Encyclopedia of American History